List of Legumes

List of Legumes

Legumes are fascinating plants with around 20000 different species. Many of these species have hundreds of varieties. This makes legumes one of the biggest families of plants. As you can imagine compiling a complete list of legumes would almost be an impossible task. There are thought to be over 40000 different varieties of beans stored in gene banks alone. That being said I have tried to compile a comprehensive list for your enjoyment.

Comprehensive of legumes. This graphic shows the different types of soybean.

Why learn about legumes

Legumes play an important role in providing a valuable source of protein and carbohydrates for millions of people around the world. Especially in countries with difficult growing conditions such as those in Africa. Not only are they eaten fresh but the seeds are dried, stored, and eaten later (pulses). Legumes also provide nutrient-rich fodder for livestock and supports biodiversity including pollinators.

Examples of legumes used in agriculture

Legumes are grown for both humans and animals.

If you're not familiar with legumes are part of the plant family called Fabaceae. Legumes produce seeds in pods and have special nodes on the roots which provide a home for nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Legumes are grown food for and as fodder for livestock. Alfalfa is grown for this reason. It is highly nutritious for animals, it provides a high amount of protein and can be planted with other plants such as grasses. That's being said this list comprises of edible legumes and pulses. I also have included fermented and legume-based foods such as miso and tofu.

Sheep in England roaming.

Examples of legumes in your supermarket

A-Z list of common legumes


  • Aburaage (soybean product)
  • Adzuki beans (Azuki, Red mung bean)
  • Alfalfa
  • Anasazi beans
  • Appaloosa beans
  • Asparagus beans (Yardlong bean)
  • Atsuage (soybean product)
  • Awase Miso (red and white miso)
  • Azufrado beans


  • Barley Miso (Mugi miso)
  • Bayo beans
  • Bean curd skin (Yaba)
  • Black Adzuki beans
  • Black beans
  • Black chickpeas
  • Black eyed peas (cowpea)
  • Black kidney beans
  • Black nightfall beans
  • Black valentines beans
  • Black lentils
  • Black soybeans
  • Black turtle beans
  • Bolita beans
  • Bonavist beans
  • Borlotti beans (cranberry beans, Roman beans)
  • Bountiful beans
  • brown lentils
  • Brown speckled cow beans
  • Broad beans
  • Butter beans


  • Calypso beans
  • Canary beans
  • Cannellini beans (White kidney beans)
  • Chickpeas
  • Christmas Lima beans (chestnut lima beans)
  • Climbing French beans
  • Cowpeas
  • Crab eye beans (note crab eye seeds are different and are poisonous)


  • Dark red kidney beans
  • Dwarf peas


  • English peas
  • European Soldier beans (Navy beans)
  • Eye of Goat beans


  • Fava beans (Broad beans)
  • Fayot (not a bean but a informal French word for bean
  • Flageolet beans


  • Garden peas (English peas)
  • Great Northern bean (related to the Navy bean)


  • Hyacinth bean (Lablab)


  • Inariage (fermented soybeans)


  • Jackson Wonder Lima bean


  • Kidney beans
  • Kinugoshi (Kinu-dofu, silken tofu)
  • Koya-dofu (freeze dried tofu)


  • Lablab
  • Lentils
  • Licorice
  • Lima beans
  • Lingot beans (white kidney beans
  • Lupin seeds


  • Maine Yellow Eye beans
  • Mayocoba beans
  • Molasses Face beans
  • Mortage lifter beans
  • Mung beans


  • Natto (fermented soy beans)
  • Navy beans


  • Okara
  • Ocra beans
  • Otebo beans


  • Peanuts
  • Peas
  • Pigeon peas (Anhar, Toor)
  • Pink beans
  • Pink lentils
  • Pinto beans
  • Potato beans
  • Puy lentils



  • Rattlesnake beans
  • Red beans (Adzuki beans)
  • Red Eye beans
  • Red lentils
  • Red Miso
  • Roman beans (Cranberry beans)


  • Salugia beans
  • Scarlet runner beans
  • Shelling peas
  • Small red beans
  • Small white beans
  • Snow peas
  • Southern peas (Cow peas, Black Eyed peas)
  • Soybeans
  • Steuben yellow beans
  • Sugar snap peas


  • Tempeh
  • Tongue of Fire beans
  • Trout beans
  • Turtle beans


  • Usuage


  • Vallarta beans
  • Vaquero beans (Orca beans)


  • Winged beans



  • Yellow Lentils
  • Yellow Miso
  • Yin Yang beans
  • Yuba (fermented soybeans)
  • Yellow Indian Women beans