List of Legumes
List of Legumes
Legumes are fascinating plants with around 20000 different species. Many of these species have hundreds of varieties. This makes legumes one of the biggest families of plants. As you can imagine compiling a complete list of legumes would almost be an impossible task. There are thought to be over 40000 different varieties of beans stored in gene banks alone. That being said I have tried to compile a comprehensive list for your enjoyment.
Why learn about legumes
Legumes play an important role in providing a valuable source of protein and carbohydrates for millions of people around the world. Especially in countries with difficult growing conditions such as those in Africa. Not only are they eaten fresh but the seeds are dried and can be stored and eaten later. These dried seeds are called pulses. Since legumes are eaten around the world there may be different spellings or words for the same legume. For example, adzuki and aduki are the same beans.
Legumes are grown for both humans and animals.
If you're not familiar with legumes are part of the plant family called Fabaceae. Legumes produce seeds in pods and have special nodes on the roots which provide a home for nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
Legumes are grown food for and as fodder for livestock. Alfalfa is grown for this reason. It is highly nutritious for animals, it provides a high amount of protein and can be planted with other plants such as grasses. That's being said this list comprises of edible legumes and pulses. I also have included fermented and legume-based foods such as miso and tofu.